Monday, October 08, 2007

Chapter 21 Life in the Industrial Age 1800-1914

World History, Chapter 21 Life in the Industrial Age 1800-1914

Section 1 The Industrial Revolution Spreads

Interchangeable parts
Assembly line

Note Taking
Checkpoint (s)

Lesson Plan Focus

During the 1800s, the US, Japan, and several European countries joined Britain in the Industrial Revolution. New machines and scientific advances helped business grow. Large companies developed new ways to get the capital that they needed. The leaders of big business created monopolies and trusts that controlled entire industries.

In-class Instruct

In small groups students should imagine that they are living in the 1800s and are members of a commission that will decide the contents of a time capsule. The time capsule, scheduled to be opened by people of the twenty-first century, should reveal the changes that the industrialized world experienced in the 1800s. The time capsule should include about 15 items. It may include artifacts, maps, graphs, photographs, art works, and documents. Each commission should list the contents of its time capsule. They should also write a clear description of the nature and significance of each item. Then, each group can present their list to the larger group.

As an exercise, write potential test questions based on the information included in this section.

HW, Section 1 Review

World History, Chapter 21 Section 2 The World of Cities

Lesson Plan Focus
Advances in medicine raised life expectancy in the 1800s. The population of cities oared as people flocked to urban centers for jobs. New wealth enabled cities to provide improved living conditions and cultural opportunities. For the poor, however, life in urban slums remained
harsh. Conditions for workers gradually improved as the efforts of labor unions and government leaders brought reforms.

In-class Assignment
Students are divided into groups. Outlining the information in Section 2, students are to imagine that they are tour guides in a city of the time. Their assignment is to plan a tour of a typical city of the late 1800s. Make the tour as realistic and interesting as possible. Note the
place to visit and an accompanying script (text) telling them what to say about each place visited. The tour should visit both rich and poor areas.

Write two paragraphs describing life in a European city of the late 1800s. One paragraph should be from the perspective of a middle-class/upper-class person, and the second paragraph from the perspective of a working-class person.

Section 2 Review

Chapter 21 Section 3 Changing Attitudes and Values

Lesson Plan Focus
During the 1800s, wealthy industrialists and the old nobility comprised the upper class. The influential middle class consisted of professionals, shop owners, and office workers. Peasants and industrial workers made up the lower class. A strict code of behavior guided middle-class life. Women, meanwhile, struggled to gain political and economic rights. During this era, scientific advances challenged traditional beliefs.

In-class Instruct
Students are to imagine that they are reporters for a newspaper or magazine of the 1800s that is devoting a special issue to the changing attitudes and values in society. There will be four groups:a) Write advice columns telling readers how to act, dress, and speak in middle-class society;b) Write editorials defending or opposing women’s efforts at social reform;c) Write articles about the many changes taking place in education;d) Debate the issues between science and religion.
Each group may read their articles aloud to the class.

Students should be able to discuss how the attitudes and values of the late 1800s have survived or changed in Western society.

Section 3 Review

Chapter 21 Section 4 A New Culture

Lesson Plan Focus
In the 1800s, the arts were dominated by two very different movements. Reacting against the rationalism of the Enlightenment, the romantic movement embraced vibrant emotions, heroism, and glorification of the past. Realism, meanwhile, emerged as an attempt to show the harsh
realities of the real world. In the visual arts, impressionists and post-impressionists presented their own views of the world.

In-class Instruct
Today’s group activities are for the purpose of creating a festival that celebrates the arts of the 1800s. Each group will assume responsibility for one art genre. Romantic literature, art, and/or music, Realistic literature or art, Women’s literature, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism.

Each group should write a general introduction for the genre that they will present. Also, each item in their collection should be preceded with an oral introduction.

Students should write responses: Which of the artists, writers, and musicians presented in the festival affected me most? Why?

HW Section 4

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