Saturday, June 30, 2012

World History I: Timeline of Minoan, Greek and Roman Art

World History I: Ancient Roman Legionnaires

World History I: History of the Roman Republic to the Empire

World History I: Roman History Timeline

AP European History: 19th Century Political Ideologies

AP European History: Revolution and the New European Order (1789-1848)

AP European History: Leaders of England

AP European History: Enlightened Absolutism: Prussia, Austria, Russia

AP European History: Napoleon

AP European History: Italian vs. Northern Renaissance

AP European History: English Reformation

World History II: Late 19th Century to Modern Germany

AP European History: The French Revolution

AP European History: The Renaissance: Why Italy?

AP European History: Causes Of The Reformation

AP European History: Renaissance: The Rise of New Monarchies

AP European History: Spain's Empire and European Absolutism

Government Systems

Welcome To AP European History

AP European History: Nation-Building: Italy and Germany

AP European History: 19th Century

AP European History: Renaissance Art

World History I: Renaissance: Rebirth

AP European History: Glorious Revolution

AP European History: Black Death

AP European History: World War I

AP European History: World War II

World History I: Religion & Law: Judeo-Christian Tradition

AP European History: Russian Revolution

AP European History: Imperialism

AP European History: Years Of Crisis: 1919-1939

AP European History: 16th Century

AP European History: 100 Years War

AP European History: Louis XIV

AP European History: Machiavelli

World History I: Greek Philosophers: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle

AP European History: 17th Century

AP European History: Industrial Revolution

AP European History: 18th Century

AP European History: Nationalists Challenge Conservative Power

AP European History: The Legacy of Ancient Greece

AP European History: AP European Timeline: Reform, Counter-Reform, and The New Sciences

AP European History: Operation Paperclip, Cold War

Saturday, June 23, 2012

World History I: Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity: 509 B.C.–A.D. 476

Hear and Witness History
The Glory That Would Be Rome

Of the many accomplished artists and writers who lived in ancient Rome, the poet Virgil may be most beloved. His epic poem, the Aeneid, describes the history of Rome from the city’s founding through the establishment of one of the world’s great empires.

“Come, I shall tell of the glory to come . . .

My son, noble Rome shall equal her power with earth,

Her might with Olympus [home of the Greek gods],

. . . Now turn your eyes this way to see . . . This man,

This is he whom again and again you have heard in the promise

Of prophecy, Caesar Augustus [first Roman emperor], son of a god.

He shall found once again an era of gold in the land Of Latium [the land surrounding Rome] . . .”

Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil /ˈvɜrdʒəl/ in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He is known for three major works of Latin literature, the Eclogues (or Bucolics), the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid. A number of minor poems, collected in the Appendix Vergiliana, are sometimes attributed to him.

Virgil is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets. His Aeneid has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome from the time of its composition to the present day. Modeled after Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, the Aeneid follows the Trojan refugee Aeneas as he struggles to fulfill his destiny and arrive on the shores of Italy—in Roman mythology the founding act of Rome. Virgil's work has had wide and deep influence on Western literature, most notably the Divine Comedy of Dante, in which Virgil appears as Dante's guide through hell and purgatory.

This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Commons is a freely licensed media file repository. 

English: Virgil Reading the Aeneid to Augustus, Octavia, and Livia
Date 1790-93
Source: Painting in the Chicago Art Institute
Author: Jean-Baptiste Wicar

The Aeneid is widely considered Virgil's finest work and one of the most important poems in the history of western literature. Virgil worked on the Aeneid during the last ten years of his life (29-19 BC), commissioned, according to Propertius, by Augustus.[10] The epic poem consists of 12 books in hexameter verse which describe the journey of Aeneas, a prince fleeing the sack of Troy, to Italy, his battle with the Italian prince Turnus, and the foundation of a city from which Rome would emerge. The Aeneid's first six books describe the journey of Aeneas from Troy to Rome. Virgil made use of several models in the composition of his epic;[7] Homer the preeminent classical epicist is everywhere present, but Virgil also makes especial use of the Latin poet Ennius and the Hellenistic poet Apollonius of Rhodes among the various other writers he alludes to. Although the Aeneid casts itself firmly into the epic mode, it often seeks to expand the genre by including elements of other genres such as tragedy and aetiological poetry. Ancient commentators noted that Virgil seems to divide the Aeneid into two sections based on the poetry of Homer; the first six books were viewed as employing the Odyssey as a model while the last six were connected to the Iliad.[11]

Book 1[12] (at the head of the Odyssean section) opens with a storm which Juno, Aeneas' enemy throughout the poem, stirs up against the fleet. The storm drives the hero to the coast of Carthage, which historically was Rome's deadliest foe. The queen, Dido, welcomes the ancestor of the Romans, and under the influence of the gods falls deeply in love with him.
At a banquet in Book 2, Aeneas tells the story of the sack of Troy, the death of his wife, and his escape to the enthralled Carthaginians, while in
Book 3 he recounts to them his wanderings over the Mediterranean in search of a suitable new home. Jupiter in
Book 4 recalls the lingering Aeneas to his duty to found a new city, and he slips away from Carthage, leaving Dido to commit suicide, cursing Aeneas and calling down revenge in a symbolic anticipation of the fierce wars between Carthage and Rome.
In Book 5, Aeneas' father Anchises dies and funeral games are celebrated for him. On reaching Cumae, in Italy
in Book 6, Aeneas consults the Cumaean Sibyl, who conducts him through the Underworld where Aeneas meets the dead Anchises who reveals his Rome's destiny to his son.

Book 7 (beginning the Iliadic half) opens with an address to the muse and recounts Aeneas arrival in Italy and betrothal to Lavinia, daughter of King Latinus. Lavinia had already been promised to Turnus, the king of the Rutulians, who is roused to war by the Fury Allecto and Amata Lavinia's mother.
In Book 8, Aeneas allies with King Evander, who occupies the future site of Rome, and is given new armor and a shield depicting Roman history.
Book 9 records an assault by Nisus and Euryalus on the Rutulians,
Book 10, the death of Evander's young son Pallas, and
Book 11 the death of the Volscian warrior princess Camilla and the decision to settle the war with a duel between Aeneas and Turnus. The Aeneid ends in
Book 12 with the taking of Latinus' city, the death of Amata, and Aeneas' defeat and killing of Turnus, whose pleas for mercy are spurned.

Roman artists are famous for colorful wall paintings like this one that features the lives of everyday Romans.

Chapter Focus Question
How did Rome grow from a single city to a huge, diverse empire?

The Roman World Takes Shape
From Republic to Empire
The Roman Achievement
The Rise of Christianity
The Long Decline

Cf. For: Note Taking and Concept Connector worksheets
Web Code: nad-0501


The Aeneid, 6:25

Summary using texts, illustrations

The Aeneid Rap!, 4:54, PG-13

A Rap that takes you through Virgil's epic poem, The Aeneid.
Recorded by TPaul and Shelbytime.
Shout outs to AP Latin Vergil LSC
Brad Pitt
The Kraken

Aeneid 0 (Explanation), 8:09

Would you like to read the Aeneid of Virgil in its original Latin? That is the goal I have set for myself, and these videos will allow anyone interested to follow me on that journey. This explanatory video introduces the Aeneid and the methodology I will be using. If you think these videos might be of interest to you I'd love to hear about it in a comment.

Prezi Summary of entire Aeneid

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Stop Obama: Bishops Stand Up for Religious Liberty vs. HHS Mandate

Stop Obama

Catholic Liberty


Watch video of the interaction, below (starts around 2:09):

What do you think? Is it “unfair” for religiously-affiliated institutions to deny birth control coverage? Take the poll:

(H/T: Mediaite)

Stand Up For Religious Freedom

Archbishop Chaput Concludes Fortnight for Freedom with Call for Heroism "In the Face of Suffering and Adversity"


Religious Liberty Conference, 24 June 2012
The Christian Meaning of Freedom, Meghan Cokely
Conscience and Cooperation in Evil, Steven Bozza
Cooperation With Evil Chart
Text "Freedom" to 377377
Stop the HHS Mandate

We Are Catholics


Full leaked email

At St. Brendan Church in San Francisco, the Rev. Michael Quinn stated the church's opposition to the contraceptive rules as: "I believe this is our Rosa Parks moment."

Feb 7, 2012, Commentator Eric Metaxas debated Donna Crane, policy director at NARAL Pro-Choice America, about Obama's attack on the Catholic Church on MSNBC's "Jansing & Co.", 7:30

Compares Birth Control Fight To 1930s Germany, :56

Congressman Gowdy Grills Secretary Sebelius on HHS Mandate 04.26.2012, 5:15

Visit to learn more about the legal challenges to the HHS mandate.

Congressman Gowdy tells Secretary Sebelius, "This mandate is going to wind up in the Supreme Court"

Sebelius admits she did not consult Supreme Court decisions on religious liberty when drafting HHS mandate.

Fortnight For Freedom - Educational Resources

The Bishops’ web site provides a recap of some of the profound statements about personal expression that were made by George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. They read:

George Washington: “If I could have entertained the slightest apprehension that the Constitution framed in the Convention, where I had the honor to preside, might possibly endanger the religious rights of any ecclesiastical society, certainly I would never have placed my signature to it; and if I could now conceive that the general government might ever be so administered as to render the liberty of conscience insecure, I beg you will be persuaded that no one would be more zealous than myself to establish effectual barriers against the horrors of spiritual tyranny, and every species of religious persecution.” (Letter to the United Baptist Churches in Virginia, 1789.)

George Washington: “[T]he conscientious scruples of all men should be treated with great delicacy and tenderness; and it is my wish and desire, that the laws may always be [] extensively accommodated to them…” (Letter to the Annual Meeting of Quakers, 1789.)

Thomas Jefferson: “No provision in our Constitution ought to be dearer to man than that which protects the rights of conscience against the enterprises of the civil authority.” (Letter to New London Methodist, 1809.)

James Madison: “[T]he equal right of every citizen to the free exercise of his Religion according to the dictates of conscience is held by the same tenure with all our other rights. If we recur to its origin, it is equally the gift of nature; if we weigh its importance, it cannot be less dear to us; if we consult the Declaration of Rights which pertain to the good people of Virginia, as the basis and foundation of Government, it is enumerated with equal solemnity, or rather studied emphasis.” (Memorial and Remonstrance Against Religious Assessment, 1785.) (Internal quotation marks omitted.)

James Madison: “[W]e hold it for a fundamental and undeniable truth that religion, or the duty which we owe our Creator, and the manner of discharging it, can be directed only by reason and conviction, not by force or violence. The Religion then of every man must be left to the conviction and conscience of every man; and it is the right of every man to exercise it as these may dictate.” (Memorial and Remonstrance Against Religious Assessment, 1785.) (Internal citation and quotations omitted.)

The main goal of the campaign is to support religious liberty, while standing firm on Christian principles — particularly when it comes to the Church’s stance against the contraceptive mandate. Among the elements published on the Bishops’ web site is a prayer for religious freedom that drives home the Catholic Church’s beliefs on the matter:

O God our Creator,
Through the power and working of your Holy Spirit,
you call us to live out our faith in the midst of the world,
bringing the light and the saving truth of the Gospel
to every corner of society.
We ask you to bless us
in our vigilance for the gift of religious liberty.
Give us the strength of mind and heart
to readily defend our freedoms when they are threatened;
give us courage in making our voices heard
on behalf of the rights of your Church
and the freedom of conscience of all people of faith.
Grant, we pray, O heavenly Father,
a clear and united voice to all your sons and daughters
gathered in your Church
in this decisive hour in the history of our nation,
so that, with every trial withstood
and every danger overcome—
for the sake of our children, our grandchildren,
and all who come after us—
this great land will always be “one nation, under God,
indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”
We ask this through Christ our Lord.

The Washington Archdiocese created a video to showcase the meaning of religious freedom:

Christian Medical Assn: HHS birth control mandate similar to China's views

Fr. Andrew was invited to lead the opening prayer at the 2012 Colorado Republican State Assembly and Convention in the Magness Arena at the University of Denver. The moral challenges facing our country are not caused by political affiliation, but rather by attacks on religious freedom. He invites all people of conscience to uphold religious freedom.
"The Church has rejected the totalitarian and atheistic ideologies associated in modem times with 'communism' or 'socialism.'" - Catechism of the Catholic Church 2425

The Pro-Life Action League and Citizens for a Pro-Life Society are pleased to announce that the next Stand Up for Religious Freedom Rally will take place on Friday, June 8, in cities and towns across the United States.

The June 8 Stand Up Rally builds on the tremendous momentum created by the first Stand Up Rally on March 23.

On that day, over 63,000 Americans came out in 145 cities coast to coast pushed back against the new mandate from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) that requires all employers provide free contraceptives, sterilization and abortion-inducing drugs through their health plans, even in violation of their consciences.

Now the fight continues with the next Stand Up Rally on Friday, June 8.

Right now the entire Obamacare law, with its oppressive mandates and abortion loopholes, is under review by the United States Supreme Court. A ruling is coming at the end of June.

If the Supreme Court strikes down Obamacare, the June 8 Rally sets the agenda for future health care reform, demanding respect for religious liberty and freedom of conscience.

But if the Court leaves Obamacare intact, the June 8 Rally advances our demand that the HHS Mandate must go.

Come out on June 8, 2012—the 223rd anniversary of the day our Founding Father James Madison introduced the Bill of Rights, with its guarantee of religious freedom, to the First Congress—and stand up for religious freedom!

Alan Keyes

Rally Philadelphia Independence Hall 520 Chestnut Street
All rallies start at noon local time, Friday June 8
Stand Up for Religious Freedom Philadelphia

Patricia Jannuzzi speaks at the Stand Up for Religious Freedom rally at Independence Hall in Philadelphia.
Philadelphia Religious Freedom Rally

Rev. Rob Schenck of Faith and Action and the National Clergy Council addresses about a thousand people at a religious liberty rally in Philadelphia's Independence Square. The gathering was a response to the Obama Administration's order for religious groups to comply with health insurance mandates that contradict meal and ethical practices.
Rabbi Cary Kozberg at the Columbus Stand Up for Religious Freedom Rally, June 8, 2012

U.S. Catholic Bishops’ Resources on the Mandate
Livingston County MI


Among the big news stories this week (27 May 2012) were two very different issues:
  1. More than 40 different Catholic organizations filed a lawsuit against the federal government over Obamacare’s contraception mandate.
  2. Who would win the latest competition and be crowned the 11th “American Idol.”
So, we have the issue of religious freedom — a cornerstone of our nation and something many people believe is worth fighting and dying over – versus a 13-week televised singing competition.
Which do you think Americans will know more about? Considering the fact that almost 24 percent of the adults in this country are Catholic, you might expect at least some of them to know about the legal action taken by their church to protect their right to practice their faith without government direction or interference. Then again, maybe not.


BREAKING: Cardinal Dolan of NY, Cardinal Wuerl of D.C., Notre Dame--And 40 Other Catholic Dioceses and Organizations--Sue Obama Administration


Excerpt from speech

Bishop Jenky: Obama like Hitler, Stalin

Obama is an “extreme secularist.”
“The Church will survive the entrenched corruption and sheer incompetence of our Illinois state government, and even the calculated disdain of the President of the United States, his appointed bureaucrats in HHS [Health and Human Services], and of the current majority of the federal Senate.”
“Remember that in past history other governments have tried to force Christians to huddle and hide only within the confines of their churches like the first disciples locked up in the Upper Room.
“In the late 19th century, Bismarck waged his ‘Kulturkampf,’ a Culture War, against the Roman Catholic Church, closing down every Catholic school and hospital, convent and monastery in Imperial Germany.
“Clemenceau, nicknamed ‘the priest eater,’ tried the same thing in France in the first decade of the 20th Century.
“Hitler and Stalin, at their better moments, would just barely tolerate some churches remaining open, but would not tolerate any competition with the state in education, social services, and health care.
“In clear violation of our First Amendment rights, President Obama—with his radical, pro-abortion and extreme secularist agenda, now seems intent on following a similar path.”
“This fall,” said Bishop Jenky, “every practicing Catholic must vote, and must vote their Catholic consciences, or by the following fall our Catholic schools, our Catholic hospitals, our Catholic Newman Centers, all our public ministries—only excepting our church buildings—could easily be shut down. Because no Catholic institution, under any circumstance, can ever cooperate with the instrinsic [sic] evil of killing innocent human life in the womb.”
April 16, 2012, Men's March Homily
Religious Liberty HHS Mandate

Richard Thompson's Stand Up Detroit Excerpt

RT speech at Stand Up Detroit rally, March 23, 2012
Is this a reasonable policy or is this governmental bullying? Why do you think so?

Eric Metaxas debated Donna Crane, policy director at NARAL Pro-Choice America, about Obama's decision to force Catholic institutions to ensure insurance coverage of contraception on MSNBC's "Jansing & Co."
Father Sammie Maletta's Sermon on Obama's Assault on Religious Liberty

On February 5, 2012 Father Sammie Maletta delivered a Homily at St. John the Evangelist Parish in St. John, Indiana. This Homily addressed how Obama is threatening Religious Freedom and declaring war with the Catholic Church. Go to to fight the HHS Mandate.
SPOTTED: Contraceptives near Georgetown law school
Are contraceptives readily available, and inexpensive or free, adjacent to Georgetown University, without a government mandate compromising religious liberty?

Religious Liberty: Obamacare's First Casualty

Should the government determine how religions operate? Why or why not?

The controversy over the Obama Administration's anti-conscience mandate and the fight for religious liberty only serves to highlight the inherent flaws in Obamacare.

Sermon of Father Jay Scott Newman - Tyrannical Government Decrees and the Religious Liberty Crisis

St. Mary's Catholic Church, Greenville, South Carolina, February 5, 2012


The group is accusing the government of religious discrimination.
Obama's abortion absolutism and the 1st Amendment

Obama is deciding to crack down on those protesting, conducting sidewalk counseling, or even praying for the mothers and their babies.
Dick Retta is "not deterred by . . . by a civil lawsuit the Justice Department filed against him in July."

"This President, as a State Senator, voted against a bill requiring doctors to care for babies born after failed abortions (and then misled the media on the matter). As a candidate, he promised his first act would be signing the sweeping "Freedom of Choice Act," which would wipe out nearly all limitations on abortion and abortion subsidies. And then during the budget debates we saw him draw nearly his only line in the sand over Planned Parenthood subsidies. It's abortion absolutism. Everything else -- free assembly, free speech, conscience protection, and his party's other interests -- they all take a back seat to protecting abortion."
Catholics, during the current regime, are restricted in exercising their civil rights of religious liberty and free speech under the First Amendment.
References from the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops on Religious Liberty