Wednesday, July 13, 2016

PHI 210 Week 2 Summer 2016

The presentation may contain content that is deemed objectionable to a particular viewer because of the view expressed or the conduct depicted. The views expressed are provided for learning purposes only, and do not necessarily express the views, or opinions, of Strayer University, your professor, or those participating in videos or other media.

We will have two ten-minute breaks: at 7:30 and 9 pm while you should sign the attendance upon entering the classroom. The weekly Discussion will take place at 9:30 pm before you are dismissed at 10:00 pm.

Week 1 Lecture 1 Review:

Week 1 Lecture 2 Review:

Assignment 1.1: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay - Part I
Due Week 2 and worth 30 points

When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking by playing the "Believing Game." The Believing Game is about making the effort to "believe" - or at least consider - the reasons for an opposing view on an issue.
The assignment is divided into two (2) parts.
In Part I of the assignment (due Week 2), you will first read a book excerpt about critical thinking processes: "The Believing Game and How to Make Conflicting Opinions More Fruitful" at Next, you will review the Website in order to gather information. Then, you will engage in prewriting to examine your thoughts.
Note: In Part II of the assignment (due Week 4), you will write an essay geared towards synthesizing your ideas.

Part I - Prewriting: Follow the instructions below for this prewriting activity.  Use complete sentences and adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.
1. Select one (1) of the approved topics from the Website and state your position on the issue.
2. From the Website, identify three (3) premises (reasons) listed under either the Pro or Con section - whichever section opposes your position.
3.For each of the three (3) premises (reasons) that oppose your position on the issue, answer these "believing" questions suggested by Elbow:
  1. What's interesting or helpful about this view?
  2. What would I notice if I believed this view?
  3. In what sense or under what conditions might this idea be true?"
The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing:
  • Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph.
  • Address main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences.
  • Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA Style format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student's name, the professor's name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
  • Identify the informal fallacies, assumptions, and biases involved in manipulative appeals and abuses of language.
  • Create written work utilizing the concepts of critical thinking.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in critical thinking skills and informal logic.

p. 18 Think About It

Secularization, Religious Resurgence, and Multiple Modernities, 2:10

As modernity has advanced across the world, some people are surprised that in most societies faith not been relegated to the private sphere or altogether abandoned. Investigate the manner in which cultures modernize in unique ways, many of which accommodate or even promote religious belief and practice.

What is secularization?

Secularization or secularization is the transformation of a society from close identification with religious values and institutions toward nonreligious (or irreligious) values and secular institutions. The secularization thesis refers to the belief that as societies progress, particularly through modernization and rationalization, religion loses its authority in all aspects of social life and governance.

Are religions everywhere in decline, or are they resurging?

In Europe, does modernization and secularization go hand in hand?

Modernization theory is a theory used to explain the process of modernization within societies. Modernization refers to a model of a progressive transition from a 'pre-modern' or 'traditional' to a 'modern' society. The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that, with assistance, "traditional" countries can be brought to development in the same manner more developed countries have. Modernization theory attempts to identify the social variables that contribute to social progress and development of societies, and seeks to explain the process of social evolution

Is the same true for the United States?

Food for thought: has modernization led to secularization in the Middle East?

Does SCIENCE = TRUTH? (Nietzsche) - 8-Bit Philosophy, 3:07


Simon Critchley Examines Friedrich Nietzsche,
The philosopher takes a look at Nietzsche's approach to life and death.

Critchley: Yeah. Nietzsche describes a mad man who runs into a public square shouting, God is dead. God is dead and the people didn't believe him, and he's laughed at, and he leaves. He came too soon. He says, he came, I came too soon. But the thought here is deeper, more interesting. It's not that the Nietzsche said, God is dead. Something you can find on _____ worlds, the world over is that God is dead, we have killed him, and what Nietzsche means by that I think is that the outcome of history is the death of God. We no longer need or we no longer can believe in those sorts of assurances which theology gave us through let's say, let's say through the development of science and technology. We've got ourselves to a position where God is an accessory that we can do without. So, it's not that Nietzsche was celebrating the death of God. He thinks that God is a pretty bad idea. He makes us cringing, cowardly, submissive creatures but it doesn't mean the opposite is something to be celebrated. We shouldn't just celebrate our, you know, that would lead to sort of nihilism. What Nietzsche thought is that, you know, human history is led to a point where we are, we find the idea of God incredible. We can no longer believe it and at that point he says, there's a risk of us throwing up our hands, and saying, well, nothing means anything. That's what Nietzsche calls nihilism. Nietzsche's thought is not nihilism. This is a key thing. Nietzsche is trying to think, a counter movement to nihilism and this is what he calls a re-evaluation of values, or an overcoming of nihilism. It's what Nietzsche wants us to do. Nietzsche is, you know, Nietzsche wants us to reject our usual ways of thinking morally in terms of a new way of conceding of value that would be in terms of life ultimately, the affirmation of life, something like that.

Nihilism - life is without objective meaning, purpose, or intrinsic value.

What basis for moral values and behavioral codes do we have (if not religion)?

The Big Bang Theory - Nietzsche on Morality, 1:42

What is Real? (Plato) - 8-Bit Philosophy, 2:48

The Cave: An Adaptation of Plato's Allegory in Clay, 3:11

Can you apply the allegory to your own life, personally?

An excerpt from Plato's Republic, the 'Allegory of the Cave' is a classic commentary on the human condition. It is a story of open-mindedness and the power of possibility.
We have adapted and brought it to life by shooting thousands of high-resolution photographs of John Grigsby's wonderful clay animation. To learn more, visit

p. 26, Ego Defenses such as:

Here we may view examples of:





                Reaction Formation
AP Psych Defense Mechanisms Video, 3:06

BTB (Beyond the Book) project for AP Psych.

Project by Abigail Pulizzano, Cameron Chan, and Eric Liu.


Defense Mechanisms:

What are Defense Mechanisms? 11 Examples of Defense Mechanism, 5:14

What are defense mechanisms? 11 Defense Mechanism Examples.

In this video Andrea Cairella, LPCC in Long Beach, CA covers what are defense mechanisms and provides 11 examples of defense mechanisms. C'mon over to where the main discussion happens after the episode.

What are defense mechanisms you use?

Today you'll learn what are defense mechanisms you use and the top 11 examples of defense mechanisms used in our intrapersonal and interpersonal relationships.

Some examples of defense mechanisms are:

1. Blaming or Attacking Others -- This defense mechanism is used when your ego becomes threatened, you feel vulnerable and hurt, or you don't want to admit your short-comings or contributions to the problem.

2. Rationalization -- This example of a defense mechanism is a subconscious justification, excuse or reasoning given to make a behavior seem logical.

3. Excuses -- Instead of taking responsibility for your actions or lack of action, you instead share all the reasons why it could not be done or blames others for your behavior.

4. Deflection -- When you change the subject and focus on someone or something else, instead of speaking about yourself.

5. Playing the Victim -- To avoid dealing with the problem or feeling responsible for the situation, the victim finds it easier to make the other person the bad guy and believes that everything is happening to them.

6. Displacement - This defense reduces anxiety or pressure by transferring feelings toward one person to another.

7. Conversion - Mental conflict converted to a physical symptom.

8. Regression - Giving up current level of development and going back to a prior level.

9. Reaction Formation - Over-compensation for fear of the opposite. When there are two conflicting parts in self-one is strengthened while the other is repressed.

10. Simple Denial - Unpleasant facts, emotions, or events are treated as if they are not real or don't exist.

11. Fantasy - Retreating into a dream world of times past.

What are the defense mechanisms you use?

Provide examples of your defense mechanisms.

If you enjoyed this video, subscribe to our channel and sign up for your free weekly relationship and life advice at And if you're interested in more videos on relationship advice for couples, check out our YouTube playlist on that exact topic here: Thanks for watching! My YouTube channel: Examples of defense mechanisms on my website: Examples of defense mechanisms on YouTube:


Psychological repression, or simply repression, is the psychological attempt made by an individual to direct one's own desires and impulses toward pleasurable instincts by excluding the desire from one's consciousness and holding or subduing it in the unconscious. Repression plays a major role in many mental illnesses, and in the psyche of the average person.[1] Repression (German: Verdrängung), 'a key concept of psychoanalysis, is a defense mechanism, but it pre-exists the ego, e.g., 'Primal Repression'. It ensures that what is unacceptable to the conscious mind, which would arouse anxiety if recalled, is prevented from entering into it';[2] and is generally accepted as such by psychoanalytic psychologists.[3] There is debate as to whether (or how often) memory repression really occurs[4] and mainstream psychology holds that true memory repression occurs only very rarely.[5]

Repressive Defenses, 3:44

Presentation on repressive defenses. For more information, go to Visit us at Facebook at


In Freudian psychology, displacement (German: Verschiebung, "shift, move") is an unconscious defense mechanism whereby the mind substitutes either a new aim or a new object for goals felt in their original form to be dangerous or unacceptable.[1]

A term originating with Sigmund Freud,[2] displacement operates in the mind unconsciously, its transference of emotions, ideas, or wishes being most often used to allay anxiety in the face of aggressive or sexual impulses.

We saw an example of displacement earlier.

Psychology: Displacement, 1:10

A short film showing an example of the defense mechanism by the name of "Displacement."


Psychological projection is a theory in psychology in which humans defend themselves against their own unpleasant impulses by denying their existence while attributing them to others.[1]

For example, a person who is habitually rude may constantly accuse other people of being rude.

It can take the form of blame shifting.

According to some research, the projection of one's negative qualities onto others is a common process in everyday life.[2]

Lucid Rich Jr - Psychological Projection, 1:59

A short educational cartoon about Psychological Projection. A little something to educate others. Inspired by Tim P Nokio



In psychology and logic, rationalization or rationalisation (also known as making excuses[1]) is a defense mechanism in which controversial behaviors or feelings are justified and explained in a seemingly rational or logical manner to avoid the true explanation, and are made consciously tolerable – or even admirable and superior – by plausible means.[2]

It is also an informal fallacy of reasoning.[3] Rationalisation happens in two steps: A decision, action, judgement is made for a given reason, or no (known) reason at all.

A rationalisation is performed, constructing a seemingly good or logical reason, as an attempt to justify the act after the fact (for oneself or others).

Rationalization encourages irrational or unacceptable behavior, motives, or feelings and often involves ad hoc hypothesizing.

This process ranges from fully conscious (e.g. to present an external defense against ridicule from others) to mostly unconscious (e.g. to create a block against internal feelings of guilt or shame).

People rationalize for various reasons — sometimes when we think we know ourselves better than we do.

Rationalization may differentiate[clarification needed] the original deterministic explanation of the behavior or feeling in question.

Defense Mechanism: Rationalization - Scrubs, 1:13

An example of rationalization in Scrubs. Turk makes up an excuse for being afraid during surgery.


Israel Charny: Psychology of Denial, 4:25

Dr. Israel W. Charny, psychologist and executive director of the Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide in Jerusalem, tells the story of how he became a “devoted student of the denial of the Armenian Genocide” and suggests several reasons why the Turkish government, over the last one hundred years, has gone to great lengths—politically and at great financial cost—to continue its policy of denial.

Dr. Israel W. Charny is an Israeli and American psychologist who is widely known as the co-founder and past president of the International Association of Genocide Scholars, founder and first president of the Israel Family Therapy Association, and a past president of the International Family Therapy Association. Three of his works have been awarded "Outstanding Academic Book of the Year" by the American Library Association including Fascism and Democracy in the Human Mind. He has written and lectured extensively on the psychological motivations and impact of denial. He is also the author of Encyclopedia of Genocide, a two-volume reference work that examines the entire historiography of all genocides, including the phenomenology of the denial.

    • Enculturation is the process by which people learn the requirements of their surrounding culture and acquire values and behaviours appropriate or necessary in that culture. As part of this process, the influences that limit, direct, or shape the individual (whether deliberately or not) include parents, other adults, and peers. If successful, enculturation results in competence in the language, values and rituals of the culture.
  • Ego
"Ego" is a Latin and Greek (ἑγώ) word meaning "I", often used in English to mean the "self", "identity" or other related concepts.

2.1 Emotions
Under attack
2.1 Practice: Emotions
Angry Voters, Anxious Voters
2.2 Groups and Cultures
Your Groups
Other Groups
2.2 Practice: Groups and Cultures
One People, One Story?
2.3 Pride
2.3 Practice: Pride
Believing Both Sides of Social Media

Pre-Built Course Content
Based on:
2.2 Practice: Groups and Cultures
One People, One Story?

Robert Spencer on Boko Haram ("Western education is sin"), 4:54
Is Nigeria a peaceful and harmonious place to be?

Robert Spencer of Jihad Watch says the outcry from Muslims denouncing the Boko Haram kidnappings is too little, too late and quite hypocritical.

Boko Haram survivor: My story, 9:17

Jul. 30, 2014 - 9:17 - Uncut: Teenager Deborah Peter describes how she survived a horrifying attack by the Islamic militant group on her household because of their Christian faith

Boko Haram Survivor Story, 6:23

15 year old Deborah Peters tells her personal story of the day Boko Haram slaughtered her family in front of her eyes because they would not deny their Christian faith.

Based on:
2.1 Practice: Emotions

Angry Voters, Anxious Voters

How do emotional supporters of the candidate react when told they supported the wrong candidate?

We Are Change: Supporters Actually Hate the Policies, 7:33

Ronald Reagan It's Morning In America 1984

2 July 2014
Media Malpractice, 7:33

Exclusive trailer for "Media Malpractice... How Obama Got Elected and Palin Was Targeted"!!!
Here is the offical trailer for the highly anticipated documentary "Media Malpractice... How Obama Got Elected and Palin Was Targeted." For more information on the film as well as the exclusive Sarah Palin interview, go to

Does the media present objective information during elections?

Multiculturalism Failed in Europe, 4:13

In the tradition of the Enlightenment, many Europeans believe in tolerance, diversity, and multiculturalism. Recently, how has multiculturalism fared in Europe?

Cf. Resources
A New York intellectual examined how Islamism is downplayed in the media.
The Flight of the Intellectuals: The Controversy Over Islamism and the Press by Paul Berman Melville House (2010), Hardcover, 304 pages

This is a French atheist's description of Ramadan.
Brother Tariq: The Doublespeak of Tariq Ramadan by Caroline Fourest Encounter Books (2008), Edition: 1, Hardcover, 150 pages

A Jewish Londoner examines the significant cultural and religious changes in modern-day Britain.
Londonistan by Melanie Phillips Encounter Books (2007), Edition: Revised, Paperback, 212 pages

A gay man examines Europe and Islam from his personal perspective.
While Europe Slept: How Radical Islam is Destroying the West from Within by Bruce Bawer Anchor (2007), Edition: Reprint, Paperback, 272 pages

Week 2 Lecture 1

To meet the overall objective we will cover the following topics in Part 1:
  • The senses
  • Deception of the senses
  • Steps for effective listening
Pre-Built Course Content
To meet the overall objective we will cover the following topics in Part 1:
  • The senses
Locke/Aristotle or Plato/Jung/Chomsky

tabular rasa or innate ideas

What do you think?

Tabula rasa, meaning blank slate in Latin, is the epistemological theory that individuals are born without built-in mental content and that their knowledge comes from experience and perception.

Generally, proponents of the tabula rasa thesis favour the "nurture" side of the nature versus nurture debate, when it comes to aspects of one's personality, social and emotional behaviour, and intelligence.

The term in Latin equates to the English "blank slate" (or more literally, "scraped tablet") (which refers to writing on a slate sheet in chalk) but comes from the Roman tabula or wax tablet, used for notes, which was blanked by heating the wax and then smoothing it to give a tabula rasa.

How do we know what we know? Is it true?
Here's a little story from Plato's most famous book, The Republic. Socrates is talking to a young follower of his named Glaucon, and is telling him this fable to illustrate what it's like to be a philosopher -- a lover of wisdom: Most people, including ourselves, live in a world of relative ignorance.

We are even comfortable with that ignorance, because it is all we know.

When we first start facing truth, the process may be frightening, and many people run back to their old lives.

But if you continue to seek truth, you will eventually be able to handle it better. In fact, you may want more.

It's true that many people around you now may think you are subversive or even a danger to society.

However, once you pursue the truth you may want more and you refuse to be ignorant.
An excerpt from Plato's Republic, the 'Allegory of the Cave' is a classic commentary on the human condition. It is a story of open-mindedness and the power of possibility. The text of the Republic is well worth reading.

We have adapted and brought it to life by shooting thousands of high-resolution photographs of John Grigsby's wonderful clay animation. To learn more, visit

The Cave: An Adaptation of Plato's Allegory in Clay, 3:10

An excerpt from Plato's Republic, the 'Allegory of the Cave.'

How does Plato's allegory of the cave apply to the barriers as we have examined?

Are our senses reliable sources of knowledge?

"The Illusions of our Senses", Erik Johansson & his Impossible photography" 6:22

Here are some Case examples for the "illusion of our Senses" as Walter Russell taught, which give mankind a false perception to the workings of our Universe.

Walter Bowman Russell (May 19, 1871 – May 19, 1963) was an American polymath known for his achievements as a painter, sculptor, author and builder and less well known as a natural philosopher and for his unified theory in physics and cosmogony

All "knowing" comes from stillness, "the sill magnetic light", which is immune to these sensory based observations. Erik's photography is a perfect lesson about how our senses can be deceived by the appearances of light.

There are several more vids in the sidebar showing Erik's work of exploiting this limitation of our senses and the fallacious interpretations of our "thinking" when we conclude what we are seeing with them, "impossible photos", like Russell's train tracks meeting on the horizon analogy. We "know" these things are impossible, which is a higher level of awareness, than "thinking" with illusions as the "substance" for our thoughts.

More of Erik's awesome work:

Originally posted at this link:

Mirrored by Robert Arnett Otey


Free Energy and Free Thinking

Identify the informal fallacies, assumptions, and biases involved in manipulative appeals and abuses of language.

The Fallacy Project: Examples of fallacies from advertising, politics, and popular culture. 6:24
A collection of clips from various sources illustrating 8 common fallacies in arguments, with a brief description following each clip explaining why it is a fallacy. This was made for a class project. I hope you enjoy it.

Seinfeld: Elaine's Circular Reasoning, :40

Seinfeld Episode The Maid, Elaine attempts to fight the phone company with circular reasoning.

Critical Thinking: False Cause Fallacy Example, :33

Reductio ad Absurdum

The Big Bang Theory - Reductio ad Absurdum, 1:13

Fallacy of Composition - Fire, :44

George illustrates that if there is a fire he should leave first to increase the chances of saving his life, or the fallacy of composition that what is true for the individual (George) is not necessarily true for the group.

post hoc ergo propter hoc
"after this, therefore because of this"
post hoc ergo propter hoc, :42 The Big Bang Theory

Mind you, Sheldon knows informal logic.

Hasty Generalization commercial examples, 2:00

Critical Thinking Fallacy: Appeal to Inappropriate Authority Example, 1:22

Richard Dawkins commits the genetic fallacy, 1:58

William Lane Craig and JP Moreland show how the genetic fallacy has no bearing in terms of the truth or falsity of a proposition.

Critical Thinking: Appeal to Ignorance Fallacy Example, 1:38

Slippery Slope Fallacy

DIRECTV commercial - Don't Wake Up in a Roadside Ditch, :31

Second example - Date, 2:25

Watch a slippery slope fallacy develop when a man and woman are on a date. (Created by spring 2013 Honors Critical Thinking students.)

False Analogy Fallacy, 2:00

The Is/Ought Problem, 1:28

Longer explanation, Fallacies: Slippery Slope, 8:12

This is a sample video from a video tutorial course titled "Fallacies", one of many videos on critical thinking that you can find at the link above.

Packard Pokes At: Logical Fallacies: Bandwagon, 1:00

Crazy Wisdom: Daniel Dennett on Reductio ad Absurdum, 2:40

Paul Henne: Fallacy of Composition, 3:58

In this video, Paul Henne describes the fallacy of composition, an informal fallacy that arises when we assume that some whole has the same properties as its parts. He also discusses why there aren't colorless cats.

Fallacy of Division

Fallacies: False Dilemma, 8:48

This video looks at the fallacy type known as "false dilemma", or "false dichotomy".

Philosophical Concepts- Circular Reasoning, 3:29

This short video explains the fallacy known as "circular reasoning" with a little help from a book about frogs.

Appeal to Tradition (Argumentum ad Antiquitatem) Fallacy, 2:44

George finds himself correcting Professor Appenstall's well intentioned, but misguided defense of the college administration.

    • Philosophy of the Senses, 4:27
    • Each sense conjures up its own reality: the rarified, shifting, impalpable world of smell; the solidified, palpable, obtrusive world of touch; the light, colored, voluminous visual world; the tangible, textured, flavored world of taste; the layered, modulating, episodic auditory world. Melding aesthetics, anthropology, history, folklore, and philosophy, this course will explore the senses across individual perceptions, cultures, and historical periods.

      Katharine Young is an independent scholar/writer, visiting lecturer at UC Berkeley, and author of Presence in the Flesh: The Body in Medicine and Taleworlds and Storyrealms: The Phenomenology of Narrative. She is studying gestures and narrative, body image, space, interiority, consciousness, volition, thought, emotion, memory, and time in somatic psychology.

  • Deception of the senses
p. 55 The Deception of Our Senses
"Our sensual perceptions (using sight as an example) can deceive our brain in three major ways: limited biologically, we see the superficial; corralled by custom, we see the habitual; and blinded by language, we see the general."
Thinking Activity 3.1
Where do our ideas come from?
Ideas Are Inborn Our Senses Fill the Mind
p. 57 Sharpening Our Senses
"When we realize that our senses are fallible, then we can begin to adjust to surface appearance and personal distortions."
p. 58 Thinking Activity based on the "penny challenge," p. 64 #11
Have you ever really seen a penny? Do not look at one now; but, try this exercise first.
In a dark city where reality is the ultimate illusion, discovering the truth could be fatal in "Dark City" directed by Alex Proyas ("'The Crow.")


  • Steps for effective listening
p. 59 Powerful Listening
The Paradox of Powerful Listening
"Our adult brains can absorb thoughts several times faster than they are spoken: Speech runs about 125 words per minute, yet if this rate were doubled (or even tripled through a sped-up audiotape) we could still understand the words. Listening is so simple that, paradoxically, it is hard. Because the rate of speaking is so slow, we can easily allow our mind to roam elsewhere."

The issue is how to listen more effectively.

How To Listen

p. 60

"Once we have set our will to listen, we may need to adjust our environment."

The noises, distractions, and even our body posture may interfere with effective listening.
Ian Hunter Noises 1981 with lyrics, 5:55

Diane Tillman - Active Listening Steps, 4:28

To meet the overall objective we will cover the following topics in Part 2:
  • The brain and sleep
    • What's our brain doing while we sleep? | Tomorrow Today - interview, 4:07 Dr. Dieter Kunz, a sleep researcher at the Charité hospital in Berlin. He speaks with us about what the brain is actually doing while we sleep. For more go to

  • The nature of memory
    • The Nature of Memory, 5:53
      Augusten Burroughs does not possess the blessing of forgetfulness.

    • Ian Hunter Ships 1979 with lyrics, 4:14

  • Forgetfulness
  • Ways to improve memory
3 Ways To Improve Your Memory, 3:19

We've all had difficulty remembering things. Trace looks at three things you'd never guess may actually help improve your memory. Read More: "Clench Your Fist to Get a Grip on Memory" "To most, a clenched fist indicates anger. But a new study suggests that clenching your fist can help form memories and recall them later." Clenching Fists 'Can Improve Memory' "Memory can be improved simply by clenching the fists, a study suggests." Chewing Gum Improves Memory "Chewing gum can improve memory, say UK psychologists." Gum Helps You Think "Need to concentrate? Pop a stick of gum into your mouth." Sniffing Rosemary Improves Memory "A key to improving memory may lie in a common herb — rosemary." Top 10 Ways to Improve Your Memory "The human brai­n is like a library that stock­s memories instead of books." Human Emotion and Memory: Interactions of the Amygdala and Hippocampal Complex "The amygdala and hippocampal complex, two medial temporal lobe structures, are linked to two independent memory systems, each with unique characteristic functions." The Hippocampus Plays an Important Role In Memory "The hippocampus is a horse-shoe shaped area of the brain that plays an important role in consolidating information from short-term memory into long-term memory." Partial Recall: Why Memory Fades with Age "Study finds that the disruption of white matter conduits in the aging brain keeps its regions from communicating effectively." Forgotten Knowledge: How Memory Works, and to Improve Yours (Infographic) "Just in case you forgot, our memories are an integral part of our lives and experiences, and enrich our existence." ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily.
Plato's cave analysis, 9:38

Walter Bowman Russell
Walter Bowman Russell (May 19, 1871 – May 19, 1963) was an American polymath known for his achievements as a painter, sculptor, author and builder and less well known as a natural philosopher and for his unified theory in physics and cosmogony. He posited that the universe was founded on a unifying principle of rhythmic balanced interchange. This physical theory, laid out primarily in his books The Secret of Light (1947) and The Message of the Divine Iliad (1948–49), has not been accepted by mainstream scientists. Russell asserted that this was mainly due to a difference in the assumptions made about the existence of mind and matter; Russell assumes the existence of mind as cause while he believes that scientists in general assume the existence of mind as effect. Russell was also proficient in philosophy, music, ice skating, and was a professor at the institution he founded, the University of Science and Philosophy (USP). He believed mediocrity is self-inflicted and genius is self-bestowed. The content of his public lectures and his writing about living philosophy place him firmly in the New Thought Movement.
Intro to Ideologies - Lesson 3 Enlightenment Philosophers, 7:34

What Will I Do to Prepare for WEEK 3?


The News is Fake
Obama Censors Islamist Statement from French President
Shapiro vs. Pro-Choice
Pastor vs. Islamist on Hannity
Watter's World Easter

Musical accompaniment:
God (Take 1)