Thursday, May 26, 2011

Honors World History II: 26 May 2011

May 25, 1961: President John F. Kennedy announces before a joint session of Congress his goal to initiate a project to put a “man on the moon” before the end of the decade.


Beyond the Sound Bites:



The Chapter 17 Section 4 Quiz Make-up is today.
The Chapter 17 Section 3 Quiz Make-up is today.
The Chapter 17 Section 2 Quiz Make-up is today.
The Chapter 17 Section 1 Quiz Make-up is today.
The Chapter 16 Test Make-up is today.
The Chapter 16 Section 4 Quiz Make-up is today.
There is no #27 on the Quiz; leave #27 on the Scantron blank. Do not answer on the Scantron, skip #27.
The Chapter 16 Section 3 Quiz Make-up is today.
The Chapter 16 Section 2 Quiz Make-up is today.
The Chapter 16 Section 1 Quiz Make-up is today.



The Philadelphia Inquirer is available.

Click on the words "Access e-Inquirer" located on the gray toolbar underneath the green locker on the opening page.
Password: 10888




ABCya! Cf.






Chapter 18: Nationalism Around the World, 1919–1939

For each of the in-class videos shown for Chapter 19 summarize them in your own words along with your partner.

Chapter 19 World War II 1939-1945

The Japanese Path to War One of the earliest tests had been posed by Japan. Japanese military leaders and ultranationalists thought that Japan should have an empire equal to those of the Western powers. In pursuit of this goal, Japan seized Manchuria in 1931. When the League of Nations condemned the aggression, Japan simply withdrew from the organization. Japan’s easy success strengthened the militarist faction in Japan. In 1937, Japanese armies overran much of eastern China, starting the Second Sino-Japanese War. Once again, Western protests did not stop Japan. Japanese Invasion of Manchuria, 2:06 When war broke out in Europe in 1939, the Japanese saw a chance to grab European possessions in Southeast Asia. The rich resources of the region, including oil, rubber, and tin, would be of immense value in fighting its war against the Chinese. In 1940, Japan advanced into French Indochina and the Dutch East Indies. To stop Japanese aggression, the United States banned the sale of war materials, such as iron, steel, and oil to Japan. Japanese leaders saw this move as an attempt to interfere in Japan’s sphere of influence.

Asian Holocaust - Asia-Pacific theatre of war, World War II, 1:07

This short clip highlights the human scale of the tragedy in the Second World War Asia-Pacific theatre. Between 1931-1945, Japanese Imperial Forces invaded and occupied parts of China, Manchukuo, Dutch East Indies (Indonesia), New Guinea, French Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia), British Malaya, Singapore, Burma, Borneo, American-occupied Philippines. This clip is part of a project on to gather resources and information to commemorate the Asian and Allied victims of this epic conflict. Japan and the United States held talks to ease the growing tension. But extreme militarists, such as General Tojo Hideki, hoped to expand Japan’s empire, and the United States was interfering with their plans. War with China The New Asian Order


Reading Check Explaining Why did Japan want to establish a New Order in East Asia?

Section 2 The Course of World War II

German forces swept through northern Europe early in the war and set up the Vichy government in France. German air attacks on Great Britain resulted in fierce British retaliation. In the east, harsh weather and a resolute Soviet Union defeated an invading German army. The Japanese conquered the Pacific but miscalculated when they attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor. The United States surprised Japan by abandoning its neutrality and entering the war to retake the Pacific. By the end of 1943, the tide had turned against Germany, Italy, and Japan. After the invasion of Normandy, the Allies liberated Paris and defeated Germany. U.S. President Harry Truman, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Josef Stalin met at Potsdam, Germany, to plan the post-war world. The war in Asia continued until the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, causing massive casualties and bringing Japan's surrender.

Europe At War

Hitler's Early Victories

The Battle of Britain

Attack on the Soviet Union

p. 594


Reading Check Identifying Where did Hitler believe he could find more "living space" to expand Germany?

Japan At War

Pearl Harbor Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 5:23

p. 599, Geography Skills, #1-2 p. 600, Reading Check Describing By the spring of 1942, which territories did Japan control?

The Allies Advance

The European Theater

The Asian Theater


p. 603, Reading Check


Why was the German assault on Stalingrad a crushing defeat for the Germans?

Last Years of the War

The European Theater

People in History

Winston Churchill

The Asian Theater

p. 604, Reading Check



What was the "second front" that the Allies opened in Western Europe?

Section 3 The New Order and the Holocaust To further their war effort and Hitler's plans for Aryan expansion, the Nazis forced millions of people to resettle as forced laborers. No aspect of the Nazi New Order was more terrifying than the deliberate attempt to exterminate the Jews. As part of the Nazis' Final Solution, Jews were locked into cramped, unsanitary ghettos or forced to dig their own mass graves before being killed. When this proved too slow for the Nazis, they transported Europe's Jews to death camps where they were worked to death or sent to die in gas chambers. The Nazis killed between five and six million Jews and nine to ten million non-Jews. In Asia, Japan showed little respect for the conquered peoples in its effort to secure industrial markets and raw materials. Japanese treatment of prisoners of war was equally harsh. Japan professed a commitment to ending Western colonialism, but the brutality of the Japanese convinced many Asians to resist Japanese occupation.

Ch. 19 Resources See the war through the eyes of soldiers, secret agents, pilots and evacuees.

Life for children during the war.

Listen to an air raid warning.

The blitz and the home front in the UK.

Churchill and the bombing of Dresden

London, England during World War II

Cologne, 1944

Preview: Section 4 The Home Front and the Aftermath of the War

Section 4 The Home Front and the Aftermath of the War World War II reached almost every area of the world, and mobilization for war brought widespread suffering and even starvation. The war caused 20 million civilian deaths. The United States, which did not fight the war on its own territory, sent its forces to fight and produced much of the military equipment for the Allies. Segregation in the U.S. military led African Americans to demand civil rights. Racism and suspicion led to the war-time detention of more than 100,000 Japanese Americans. The bombing of cities by the Allied and Axis powers cost thousands of lives, but probably did nothing to weaken the morale of either side. After the war, ideological conflict between the West and the Soviet Union resulted in the Cold War. The Cold War centered around the status of Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe.

The Mobilization of Peoples: Four Examples

The Soviet Union

The United States




Reading Check


How did World War II contribute to racial tensions in the United States?

Front line Civilians: The Bombing of Cities

p. 615, "The ferocious bombing of Dresden from February 13 to 15, 1945, created a firestorm that may have killed as many as a hundred thousand inhabitants and refugees. . . . Germany suffered enormously from the Allied bombing raids. Millions of buildings were destroyed, and possibly half a million civilians died."




Science, Technology & Society, p. 616

"Of the city's [Hiroshima] 350,000 inhabitants, 140,000 had died by the end of 1945. By the end of 1950, another 50,000 had died from the effects of radiation."


Reading Check


Why were civilian populations targeted in bombing raids?

Peace and a New War

The Tehran Conference

The Yalta Conference

The Potsdam Conference

War Crimes Trails

A New Struggle


Reading Check


Why did Stalin want to control Eastern Europe after World War II?

Ch. 19 Resources

Online guide to the Holocaust

Colonel Paul Tibbets describes dropping the A-Bomb on Hiroshima August 6, 1945.


See the war through the eyes of soldiers, secret agents, pilots and evacuees.

Life for children during the war.

Listen to an air raid warning.

The blitz and the home front in the UK.

Churchill and the bombing of Dresden

Audio file of the death dive of a Kamikaze.


London, England during World War II

Cologne, 1944

p. 628ff, Ch. 20 Cold War and Postwar Changes 1945-1970

Confrontation of the Superpowers

p. 632, The Truman Doctrine

Truman Doctrine, 2:31

p. 632, The Marshall Plan

The Marshall Plan, 1:40

Dwight D. Eisenhower exit speech on Jan.17,1961: warning of the military industrial complex.

p. 635, The Cuban Missile Crisis

Kennedy addresses the nation on the Cuban Missile Crisis, 3:05

p. 635, Vietnam and the Domino Theory

Domino Theory, Eisenhower to Nixon, 1:11

p. 638, Picturing History, Sputnik

Sputnik beeps overhead, Americans in awe, including a young John Glenn, 3:23

John F. Kennedy's Moon Speech to Congress - May 25, 1961, America on the Moon, July 20, 1969, 1:36

p. 644, Economic Miracles: Germany and Japan

p. 646, Youth Protest in the 1960s, "The Times They Are A-Changin'"

Mario Savio: Sproul Hall Steps, December 2, 1964, 1:26

Campus Unrest in late 1960s & early 1970s at UCLA, Inauguration, Communist professor teaching, Angela Davis, 6:31


Weatherman, known colloquially as the Weathermen and later the Weather Underground Organization (abbreviated WUO), was an American radical left organization. It originated in 1969 as a faction of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) composed for the most part of the national office leadership of SDS and their supporters. Their goal was to create a clandestine revolutionary party for the violent overthrow of the US government.

With revolutionary positions characterized by Black separatist rhetoric, the group conducted a campaign of bombings through the mid-1970s, including aiding the jailbreak and escape of Timothy Leary. The "Days of Rage", their first public demonstration on October 8, 1969, was a riot in Chicago timed to coincide with the trial of the Chicago Seven. In 1970 the group issued a "Declaration of a State of War" against the United States government, under the name "Weather Underground Organization" (WUO). The bombing attacks mostly targeted government buildings, along with several banks. Most were preceded by evacuation warnings, along with communiqués identifying the particular matter that the attack was intended to protest. For the bombing of the United States Capitol on March 1, 1971, they issued a communiqué saying it was "in protest of the US invasion of Laos." For the bombing of the Pentagon on May 19, 1972, they stated it was "in retaliation for the US bombing raid in Hanoi." For the January 29, 1975 bombing of the United States Department of State Building, they stated it was "in response to escalation in Vietnam."

The Weathermen grew out of the Revolutionary Youth Movement (RYM) faction of SDS. It took its name from the lyric "You don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows", from the Bob Dylan song "Subterranean Homesick Blues". You don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows was the title of a position paper they distributed at an SDS convention in Chicago on June 18, 1969. This founding document called for a "white fighting force" to be allied with the "Black Liberation Movement" and other radical movements to achieve "the destruction of US imperialism and achieve a classless world: world communism."

May 4, 1970 Kent State Shootings, 5:43

p. 646, The United States in the 1960s

p. 646, John F. Kennedy

Ask Not What Your Country Can Do For You: the inaugural address of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 5:37

This is the side of Kennedy that is most often presented in presidential hagiography but JFK is more complex than any one simple approach. The preeminent historian Robert Dallek writes: "Learning, for example, a great deal more than any biographer has previously known about Kennedy's medical history allowed me to see not only the extent to which he hid his infirmities from public view but also the man's exceptional strength of character. In addition, I have tried to understand his indisputable womanizing, including previously unknown instances of his compulsive philandering" (p. x, An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917 - 1963, Robert Dallek).


p. 646, The Johnson Administration

A first-rank account exists of the crucial period between November 1963 and July 1965 when LBJ and Robert McNamara, the Secretary of Defense, lied to the American public and escalated the war in Vietnam.

"As American involvement in Vietnam deepened, the gap between the true nature of that commitment and the president's depiction of it to the American people, the Congress, and members of his own administration widened" (Cf. Dereliction of Duty: Johnson, McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies That Led to Vietnam, H. R. McMaster, p. 322).


McGovern Warns Obama of LBJ Legacy, 3:40

In 1964, President Johnson said of Vietnam that I don't think it's worth fighting for, and I don't think that we can get out. Its just the biggest damn mess I ever saw.'' Yet Johnson escalated the conflict and America became bogged down in Southeast Asia for more than a decade. Former Senator George McGovern recently sat down with ANP and said that Obama runs the risk, like Johnson's Great Society, of hobbling his ambitious domestic goals if he continues to send troops into Afghanistan.

pp. 647, 651, Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., "I Have a Dream"

I have a Dream Speech, 2:18

p. 648, The Emergence of a New Society

Ch. 21 The Contemporary Western World 1970-Present

p. 656, "Tear Down This Wall"

Ronald Reagan- "Tear Down This Wall," 4:00

p. 661, Revolutions in Eastern Europe

p. 661, Poland, Lech Walesa, Roman Catholic Church

p. 668, The U.S. Domestic Scene

p. 668, Nixon and Watergate

p. 669, The Carter Administration

"Crisis of Confidence" Speech July 15, 1979, 2:08

p. 669, The Reagan Revolution

Ronald Reagan 1984 TV Ad: "Its morning in America again," 1:00

Revisiting the Reagan Revolution -- A Book Release Party Featuring Dr. Steven Hayward, 4:08

p. 672, The Growth of Terrorism

p. 672, 9/11

Peace Train by Cat Stevens, w/ Lyrics, 4:14

Cat Stevens/Yusuf Islam Calls For The Murder Of Salman Rushdie, 1:38

Salman Rushdie's novel, The Satanic Verses (1988), was the centre of a major controversy, drawing protests from Muslims in several countries. Some of the protests were violent, in which death threats were issued to Rushdie, including a fatwā against him by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, on February 14, 1989.

Cat Stevens/Yusuf Islam has tried to get this video (in which he clearly calls for the murder of Salman Rushdie) removed and banned from wherever it has been posted on the internet.

This is Cat Stevens who is famous for the song "Peace Train" and other songs that are amongst the most peaceful and mellow pop songs; thereafter, Yusuf Islam promotes his Islamist version of "peace".

“Hand Book Shows ICNA’s True Goals” (2010)

“(Yusuf) Islam (video author–formerly Cat Stevens) is a Trustee of the Union of Good, a worldwide coalition of charities headed by global Muslim Brotherhood leader Youssef Qaradawi and which helps to fund raise for Hamas. Islam is also a founder of Muslim Aid, a U.K chairty which is one of the member organizations of the Union of Good and which itself tied to the U.K Muslim Brotherhood

Islam is chairman and a founder the International Board of Educational Research and Resources (IBERR), an international Islamic educational organization whose trustees are largely tied to the global Muslim Brotherhood.”

Michael Scheuer on "Inside 9/11," 4:27

p. 675, Popular Culture

p. 675, Elvis, Beatles

"Imperfectly Perfect !!"---- Sam Phillips and Sun Records

Sun Studio was opened by rock pioneer Sam Phillips at 706 Union Avenue in Memphis, Tennessee, on January 3, 1950. It was originally called Memphis Recording Service, sharing the same building with the Sun Records label business. Reputedly the first rock-and-roll single, Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats' "Rocket 88" was recorded there in 1951 with song composer Ike Turner on keyboards, leading the studio to claim status as the birthplace of rock & roll. Blues and R&B artists like Howlin' Wolf, Junior Parker, Little Milton, B.B. King, James Cotton, Rufus Thomas, and Rosco Gordon recorded there in the early 1950s.

Rock-and-roll, country music, and rockabilly artists, including unknowns recording demos and others like Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison, Charlie Feathers, Ray Harris, Warren Smith, Charlie Rich, and Jerry Lee Lewis, signed to the Sun Records label recorded there throughout the latter 1950s until the studio outgrew its Union Avenue location. Sam Phillips opened the larger Sam C. Phillips Recording Studio, better known as Phillips Recording, in 1959 to take the place of the older facility. Since Sam had invested in the Holiday Inn Hotel chain earlier, he also recorded artist starting in 1963 on the label Holiday Inn Records for Kemmons Wilson.

In 1969, Sam Phillips sold the label to Shelby Singleton, and there was no recording-related or label-related activity again in the building until the September 1985 Class of '55 recording sessions with Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Johnny Cash, produced by Chips Moman.

Tour The Stax Museum

Chapter 18 References

The End of the British Empire, Cf.

Video clips of Gandhi and other Indian leaders

The life of Gandhi

Find out more about African independence

The Arab-Israeli Conflict: A Brief History

Middle East


Check the school schedule for upcoming 4th Quarter Assessment day; the blog schedule does not replace the official school schedule.

HW: email (or hard copy) me at

Thursday HW
1. p. 606, Preview Questions #1-2; 2. p. 611, #4.