Catholic Identity and Latin America: Who Was Oscar Romero?
Catholic Identity and New Zealand
A New Zealand Catholic convert was jailed since he did not possess the proper immigration papers but he refused to return to his native Iran because he feared persecution.
Catholic Identity and
Catholic Identity and the history of the Church in China
Catholic Identity and the history of the Church in
Catholic Identity and schools in America
Catholic Identity and Zionism
This is an article describing how a Cardinal endorses Zionism.
Catholic Identity and 19th Century England
Catholic Identity and Russia
The East-West Schism, or Great Schism, divided Chalcedonian Christianity into Western (Latin) and Eastern (Greek) branches, i.e. Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. Though normally dated to 1054, the East-West Schism was actually the result of an extended period of estrangement between Latin and Greek Christendom. The primary causes of the Schism were disputes over papal authority—Pope Leo IX claimed he held authority over the four Eastern patriarchs—and over the insertion of the filioque clause into the Nicene Creed by the Western Church. Eastern Orthodox today claim that the primacy of the Patriarch of Rome was only honorary, and that he has authority only over his own diocese and does not have the authority to change the decisions of Ecumenical Councils. There were other, less significant catalysts for the Schism, including variance over liturgical practices and conflicting claims of jurisdiction. Cf. Great Schism.
In Christian theology the filioque clause (filioque meaning "and [from] the son" in Latin) is a heavily disputed clause added to the Nicene Creed, that forms a divisive difference in particular between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. In the place where the original Nicene Creed reads "We believe in the Holy Spirit ... who proceeds from the Father", the amended version reads "We believe in the Holy Spirit ... who proceeds from the Father and the Son". The addition is accepted by Roman Catholic Christians but rejected by Eastern Orthodox Christians. Many Eastern Catholic churches do not use the clause in their creed, but profess the doctrine it represents, as it is a dogma of the Roman Catholic faith. Insofar as Protestant churches take a position on the doctrine, acceptance of the filioque is normative. The clause is most often referred to as "the filioque" or simply filioque.
Cf. Filioque Clause.
Balkan Nationalism and
Mother Teresa and her teachings are good subjects to research.
Loyalty to Religion or Nationalism
John F. Kennedy's speech in Houston to Protestant Ministers. The speech focuses on the issue of Catholic identity and religious loyalty.