Tuesday, January 17, 2017

REL 212 Week 3 Winter 2017

The presentation may contain content that is deemed objectionable to a particular viewer because of the view expressed or the conduct depicted. The views expressed are provided for learning purposes only, and do not necessarily express the views, or opinions, of Strayer University, your professor, or those participating in videos or other media.

We will have two ten-minute breaks: at 7:30 - 7:40; and, at 9:00 pm - 9:10 pm. I will take roll early, we have our Discussion at the appointed time, before you are dismissed at 10:15 pm.

To Do List

  • Read:
    • Chapter 5: Buddhism
  • View the Other Preparation Materials

  • View the lectures contained in the course shell

  • Participate in the Discussion titled "Noble Action, Sacred Call, or Desire"

  • Complete and submit the World View Chart Assignment
What's Buddhist about Socially Engaged Buddhism?

David R. Loy
 
http://www.zen-occidental.net/articles1/loy12-english.html

Hinduism

Buddhism

Daoism - Confucianism


Vocabulary:

Theos

Poly - many gods

Panentheistic - divine presence

Pantheist - Nature itself is divine

Non-theist - personal God is irrelevant

Deistic - Creator God but uninvolved with creation

Monotheistic - One Supreme God

Good & evil, yin and yang

Free will - ability to choose

Lecture 1

Join Strayer professor Dr. Meg Rinck as she discusses the second column of the World View Chart: What a religion states are the characteristics of their God/Ultimate Reality.

The Nature of God

https://blackboard.strayer.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/REL/212/1152/Week%203/Lecture%201/lecture.html

Lecture 2

Old, sick, dead

4 Laws of Buddhism

Eight-fold path

Please watch this video describing the history of the Buddha.

https://blackboard.strayer.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/REL/212/1152/Week%203/Lecture%202/lecture.html

Buddhism, Week 3

Buddhism Review

https://www.khanacademy.org/partner-content/arts-humanities-partners/asian-art-museum/aam-buddhism-topic



Group Activities



A. Keep in mind your definition of religion.

Review Activities for Week 3

B. "Why are people religious?”

C. What examples can you find of the music you listen to that reflects various perceptions of the sacred, or ultimacy. I can play a few examples and discuss how they reflect religion. You may also bring a few of your favorite songs that are not so obviously religious, but which raise religious issues.

D. "Beyond the Sound Bites:"

Bring to class at least one article from a recent newspaper, magazine, or Internet story that reflects the roles of religion in modern society. A few students may present their articles to the class. The task will also serve as the basis for a preliminary discussion of the coverage of religion by the popular media.

“When it comes to the nation’s religious identity, the biggest trend during Obama’s presidency is the rise of those who claim no religion at all,” Pew notes in a report released this week titled “How America Changed During Barack Obama’s Presidency.”

When Obama took office, those who identified as atheists or agnostics along with those who said their religion was “nothing in particular” totaled only 16 percent of the U.S. adult population. On leaving office 8 years later, the non-religious in America now make up nearly a quarter of the population.

America’s largest religious demographic, those who self-identify as Christians, plunged from 78 percent of the U.S. adult population to 71 percent 8 years later, and the majority of these losses taken place among adults who identify with mainline Protestantism and Catholicism.

During his 8 years as president, Obama nettled the religious over and over with moves that seemed calculated to undermine religious liberty.

http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2017/01/12/pew-report-religion-plummets-america-obama-era/

AFDI UNDERCOVER US Immigration Office: Fake Syrian Passports OK, 5:29

http://pamelageller.com/2017/01/us-immigration-office-fake-syrian-passports-ok.html/

https://youtu.be/O5pWPyURecg



Seattle mayor offers plan to help followers of Sharia law buy houses http://www.bizjournals.com/seattle/blog/2015/07/seattle-mayor-offers-plan-to-help-followers-of.html

New Ties Emerge Between Clinton And Mysterious Islamic Cleric http://dailycaller.com/2016/07/13/new-ties-emerge-between-clinton-and-mysterious-islamic-cleric/#ixzz4EtNnViQW
Erdogan, Turkey
Fethullah Gulen

1857 Mt. Eaton Road, Saylorsburg, PA

Hospital Refuses to Release Medical Records of Five-Year-Old Idaho Victim Raped By Muslim Migrants http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2016/07/16/exclusive-hospital-refuses-to-release-medical-records-of-five-year-old-idaho-victim-raped-by-muslim-migrants/

28 Pages: Saudis Killed Americans on 9/11 https://www.scribd.com/document/318410207/28-pages#from_embed

Baton Rouge Shooter


p. 18
Absolutist and liberal responses to modernity

Is religion violent, or, at least, conflict-ridden?

Why do some people resist "the Other," or reject those of another faith?



Those who resist contemporary influences and affirm what they perceive as the historical core of their religion could be called absolutists. . . . They may encourage antipathy or even violence against people of other religious traditions (p. 18)."


Key Terms
Absolutist
Immanent
Redaction
Agnosticism
Incarnation
Religion
Allegory
Intelligent design
Ritual
Atheism
Liberal
Sacred
Awakening
Metaphysics
Scientific materialism
Charisma
Monotheism
Secularism
Comparative religion
Mysticism
Spirituality
Creationism
Myth
Symbol
Dogma
Orthodox
Theism
Enlightenment
Phenomenology
Transcendent
Exclusivism
Polytheism
Universalism
Fundamentalism
Profane
Gnosis
Realization


Bodh Gaya: center of the Buddhist world, 3:00

https://youtu.be/qk-9Ez3xICY







Read: Chapter 5: Buddha

https://www.librarything.com/catalog/gmicksmith&collection=-1&deepsearch=Buddha

Buddhism

https://www.librarything.com/catalog/gmicksmith&collection=-1&deepsearch=Buddhism
Buddha/Buddhism References:

The Teachings of the Compassionate Buddha by E. A. Burtt, NAL Trade (2000).

Buddha and the Gospel of Buddhism by Ananda K. Coomaraswamy, Harper Torchbooks (1964).

Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse, Other authors: Hilda Rosner (Translator), New Directions Publishing Corporation (1951).

Buddhism: Its Essence & Development by Edward Conze, Harper (1975).
For Theravada:

Buddhism in Translations by Henry Clarke Warren, Atheneum Publishers (1970).

4. The Birth of the Buddha, pp. 46-47

Here is the story of how the Buddha, at birth, announced himself.

https://archive.org/stream/buddhismintrans03warrgoog#page/n78/mode/2up/search/46

13. Questions Which Tend Not for Edification, pp. 120-121

This relates how the Buddha answered questions when he did not always provide the answers.

For Mahayana:

https://www.librarything.com/catalog/gmicksmith&collection=-1&deepsearch=Mahayana
Selected Writings of Nichiren by Philip Yampolsky, Columbia University Press (1990).

The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture by George Joji Tanabe, Other authors: Willa Jane Tanabe, University of Hawaii Press (1989).

The Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch by Hui-neng, Other authors: Philip Yampolsky (Translator), Columbia University Press (1978).

And, obviously, for Nagarjuna (below).

Nagarjuna: The Philosophy of the Middle Way (SUNY Series in Buddhist Studies) by David J. Kalupahana, State Univ of New York Pr (1986).

Zen Buddhism by Daisetz T. Suzuki, Other authors: William Barrett, Three Leaves (1996).

Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma: The Lotus Sutra (Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies) by Leon Hurvitz, Columbia University Press (1976).

Buddhist Religions: A Historical Introduction (Religious Life in History) by Richard H. Robinson, Other authors: Willard L. Johnson, Thanissaro Bhikkhu, Wadsworth Publishing (2004).

Dhammapada by P. Lal, Farrar Straus Giroux (1967).

Zen Flesh Zen Bones: A Collection of Zen and Pre-zen Writings by Paul Reps, Other authors: Nyogen Senzaki, Tuttle Publishing (1998).

p. 18, #14

Muddy Road

This is an interesting tale about monks and females and how to treat them.

“14. Muddy Road

Tanzan and Ekido were once traveling together down a muddy road. A heavy rain was still falling.

Coming around a bend, they met a lovely girl in a silk kimono and sash, unble to cross the intersection.

"Come on, girl," said Tanzan at once. Lifting her in his arms, he carriedher over the mud.

Ekido did not speak again until that night when they reached a lodging temple. Then he could no longer restrain himself. "We monks don't go near females," he told Tanzan, "especially not young and lovely ones. It is dangerous. Why did you do that?"

"I left the girl there," said Tanzan. "Are you still carrying her?”

Nyogen Senzaki, Zen Flesh, Zen Bones: A Collection of Zen and Pre-Zen Writings 

The Buddhist Tradition: In India, China and Japan by William Theodore De Bary, Vintage (1972).
Buddhist Texts Through the Ages (Oneworld Classics in Religious Studies) by Edward Conze, Oneworld Publications (1995).

Nagarjuna:

Nagarjuna: The Philosophy of the Middle Way (SUNY Series in Buddhist Studies) by David J. Kalupahana, State Univ of New York Pr (1986).

Buddhism FisherBriefPPT_Ch5_JAT.ppt


Key Terms in Buddhism:













  • anatman:  the state of non-soulness that, according to the Buddha, was the natural state of humanity
  • arhat:  state of sainthood in Buddhism
  • Dalai Lama:  Leader of Tibetan Buddhism and, until 1950, the spiritual and political ruler of Tibet
  • koan:  literally means, "case study"; a riddle, tale, or short statement used by Zen masters to bring students to sudden insight
  • Mahayana:  literally means, "the expansive way," or "the big raft"; the largest branch of Buddhism
  • Nirvana:  literally means, "blowing out," or "extinguish"; cessation of human individuality and suffering
  • Pure Land Buddhism:  version of Mahayana Buddhism popular in Japan; it teaches that its devotees can achieve a paradise, called the 'Pure Land of the West,' after their deaths
  • Sangha:  Buddhist monastic order
  • tanha:  desire, thirst, or craving; a concept identified by Buddha as that which causes suffering
  • Theravada:  literally means, "the tradition of the elders"; the smaller branch of Buddhism
  • Zen Buddhism:  Form of Mahayana Buddhism that teaches that the real truth about life comes from intuitive flashes of insight


  • Buddhism Overview

    Brief History, Contemporary Situation, Geographical History, Basic Tenets & Practices, and Sacred Texts.

    Yes

    Buddhism A Separate Peace: Basic Principles

    1:11

    http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/religion/MRK/videos/myreligionkit/BasicPrinciples_MyLab.html

    Yes

    Bodhi Tree, :47

    http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/religion/MRK/videos/myreligionkit/BodhiTree_MyLab.html

    Lord Buddha Stories - The Life of Buddha - Beginning of the Journey - Animated Stories for Kids, 6:45
    Buddha stories, stories for children, the life of buddha, kids stories, stories for kids, short stories for kids, animation cartoon, moral stories,animation stories, animated cartoon stories, bedtime stories..

    Lord Buddha Stories - Beginning of Journey -
    The calm and compassionate face of the Buddha is known all over the world. Buddha was a spiritual teacher of ancient India whose ideas on freeing mankind from sorrow and suffering form the basis of Buddhism. Buddha was born in the sixth century BC., into a royal family. Known as Siddhartha, he realized that human life was short and full of sadness. He found out a path to Enlightenment and spiritual fulfillment. He was then known as the Buddha,which means "Enlightened One". For the rest of his life, the Buddha travelled great distances teaching people about the "MIDDLE PATH", the way to end to suffering. He taught the four Noble Truths of suffering, cause of suffering, end of suffering, and the Path to do that. Buddhism offers hope and access to spiritual understanding and satisfaction to everybody. Throughout the world today, people still follow the teaching of the Buddha.
    Siddhartha encounters four unexpected sights which make him think of a way out of the sorrowful world.

    Subscribe to the KidsAnimations Youtube Channel -
    https://www.youtube.com/user/kidsanim...

    Click here to Watch our other Lord Buddha Stories Stories -
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SpJS6...

    Become a KidsAnimations Fan on Facebook:
    https://www.facebook.com/superaudioma...

    Playlists
    Tales of Ganesha -
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3hJvD...

    Hitopadesha Tales -
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=10dFG...

    Akbar and Birbal Stories -
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8RRgT...

    GIVE YOUR KIDS A BEST START IN LIFE.. THANKS FOR WATCHING
    FOR ONLINE PURCHASE VISIT US AT
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    http://youtu.be/uR8uK2iWSHE



    Masterpiece: The Buddha Triumphing over Mara
     
    The main figure in this stone sculpture from the 900s shows many characteristic features of images of the Buddha. Here we see elements that tell us we're in the presence of the Buddha as he was on the threshold of achieving enlightenment. Above his head are branches of heart-shaped leaves. They indicate the sacred bodhi tree, under which he is said to have attained enlightenment some 2,500 years ago, 3:05

    https://youtu.be/lA8pSpp-FS4



    View the Other Preparation Materials

    View the lectures contained in the course shell

    Participate in the Discussion titled "Noble Action, Sacred Call, or Desire"

    Complete and submit the World View Chart Assignment



    Standing Buddha statue at the Tokyo National Museum. One of the earliest known representations of the Buddha, 1st–2nd century CE.

    Yes
    Buddhism A Separate Peace: Beginnings of Buddhism, :34

    Brief introduction to the origin of Buddhism and its expansion into many countries.

    http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/religion/MRK/videos/myreligionkit/BeginningsofBuddhism_MyLab.html

    Buddhism India


    A short documentary on the stupa, a hemispherical mound that represents the burial mound of the Buddha, 4:29

    https://youtu.be/NJsLHcL3Bvs





    Yes
    Theravada, :56


    http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/religion/MRK/videos/myreligionkit/Theraveda_MyLab.html

    Tamil Muslims (Tamil: தமிழ் முஸ்லிம்கள், tamiḻ muslimgal) are Tamil-speaking people with Islam as their faith. There are about 3 to 4 million Tamil Muslims in India mostly in Tamil Nadu state and also in neighbouring Kerala. A significant Tamil-speaking Muslim population numbering 1.8 million or more live in the Northern, Eastern provinces and Colombo in Sri Lanka and many other pockets across central, southwest provinces; however they are listed as a separate ethnic group in official statistics. There are around 500,000 in Malaysia and 20,000 in Singapore. Tamil Muslims are largely urban traders rather than farmers. There is a substantial diaspora of Tamil Muslims, particularly in South East Asia, which has seen their presence as early as the 13th century. In the late 20th century, the diaspora expanded to the North America and Western Europe. They are called Cholias in Myanmar, Mamak in Malaysia and Rathas in South Africa.

    The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (Tamil: தமிழீழ விடுதலைப் புலிகள், Sinhala: දෙමළ ඊළාම් විමුක්ති කොටි Tamiḻīḻa viṭutalaip pulikaḷ, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) is a now defunct organisation that was based in northern Sri Lanka. Founded in May 1976 by Velupillai Prabhakaran, it waged a secessionist nationalist campaign to create an independent state in the north and east of Sri Lanka for Tamil people. This campaign evolved into the Sri Lankan Civil War, which ran from 1983 until 2009, when the LTTE was decisively defeated by the Sri Lankan Military under the leadership of President Mahinda Rajapaksa.


    At the height of its power, the LTTE possessed a well-developed militia and carried out many high-profile attacks, including the assassinations of several high-ranking Sri Lankan and Indian politicians. The LTTE was the only militant group to assassinate two world leaders: former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 and Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa in 1993.

    http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/religion/MRK/videos/myreligionkit/Theraveda_MyLab.html

    Theravada
    East Asian Religious Zones


    Korean Buddhist art
     
    This video documents the creation of a Buddhist painting by the monk artist, Seol-min (formerly known as Jae-u), who has dedicated her life to keeping the tradition of Buddhist painting alive. Learn more about Korean Buddhism on education.asianart.org. 5:31

    https://youtu.be/thvh5PdR6yM

     

    Zen Mystical Spirit of the East: Thich Nhat Hahn, 1:09

    Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh identifies the goal of mindfulness practice--to be present in the here and now--and the video depicts a scene of meditation at Plum Village monastery in France.

    http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/religion/MRK/videos/myreligionkit/ThichNhatHahn_MyLab.html


    An introduction to Zen, a form of Buddhism that emphasizes seeking one's own Buddha nature through meditation. Learn more about Buddhism in Japan on the education.asianart.org. 3:21

    https://youtu.be/_WAi2fwUqN4



    Mystical Spirit of the East: Dalai Lama, :31

    The Dalai Lama states his conviction that all world religions have the same potential to transform humanity for the better

    http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/religion/MRK/videos/myreligionkit/DalaiLama_MyLab.html

    Recommended Readings

    Buddhism

    https://www.librarything.com/catalog/gmicksmith&collection=-1&deepsearch=Buddhism
    Hagen, Steve, Buddhism is Not What You Think. While there are many texts that introduce the basic beliefs and concepts of Buddhism, this reading takes the opposite tack: correcting common misunderstandings and misperceptions of the faith.

    Hanh, Thich Nhat, The Heart of the Buddha’s Teaching. Thich Nhat Hanh is one of the most recognized Buddhists in the world, and is widely commended for his ability to apply Buddhist principles to the modern world.

    Payutto, Prayudh A., Buddhist Economics. Payutto presents a Buddhist perspective on economics.
    Smith, Huston and Novak, Phillip, Buddhism. This reading introduces Vipassana, or Theravadin meditation, and provides a good introduction to one of the unique aspects of Theravada Buddhism.

    Activities


     

    1. Think about the role that desire plays in your everyday actions and long-­term life goals. Then, try to imagine what it would be like to live a life in which one did not make decisions and act on the basis of desires.

     

    2. Spend 10 minutes in class trying a simple meditation exercise. You will sit quietly and simply try to identify everything that goes on in your mind. Then, we will find whether you found you had control over your thoughts, and what it would take to be able to control the mind.


    After we have meditated as a class, we will see a display of the Buddhist control of the mind which actually ties into the American involvement in Vietnam.

    Buddhist Monk - self immolation, 5:18

    http://youtu.be/E37cMtCrKoA

    June 11, 1963, Thich Quang Duc, a Buddhist monk from Vietnam, burned himself to death at a busy intersection in downtown Saigon to bring attention to the repressive policies of the Diem regime that controlled the South Vietnamese government at the time. Buddhist monks asked the regime to lift its ban on flying the traditional Buddhist flag, to grant Buddhism the same rights as Catholicism, to stop detaining Buddhists and to give Buddhist monks and nuns the right to practice and spread their religion.
    As he burned he never moved a muscle, never uttered a sound.



    Buddhism is a nontheistic religion that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha, meaning "the awakened one". According to Buddhist tradition, the Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help sentient beings end their suffering through the elimination of ignorance and craving by way of understanding and the seeing of dependent origination and the Four Noble Truths, with the ultimate goal of attainment of the sublime state of Nirvana, by practicing the Noble Eightfold Path (also known as the Middle Way).


    Two major extant branches of Buddhism are generally recognized: Theravada ("The School of the Elders") and Mahayana ("The Great Vehicle"). Theravada has a widespread following in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar etc.). Mahayana is found throughout East Asia (China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan etc.) and includes the traditions of Pure Land, Zen, Nichiren Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism, Shingon, and Tiantai (Tendai). In some classifications, Vajrayana—practiced mainly in Tibet and Mongolia, and adjacent parts of China and Russia—is recognized as a third branch, with a body of teachings attributed to Indian siddhas, while others classify it as a part of Mahayana.

    Buddhist schools vary on the exact nature of the path to liberation, the importance and canonicity of various teachings and scriptures, and especially their respective practices. One consistent belief held by all Buddhist schools is the lack of a Creator deity. The foundations of Buddhist tradition and practice are the Three Jewels: the Buddha, the Dharma (the teachings), and the Sangha (the community). Taking "refuge in the triple gem" has traditionally been a declaration and commitment to being on the Buddhist path, and in general distinguishes a Buddhist from a non-Buddhist. Other practices may include following ethical precepts; support of the monastic community; renouncing conventional living and becoming a monastic; the development of mindfulness and practice of meditation; cultivation of higher wisdom and discernment; study of scriptures; devotional practices; ceremonies; and in the Mahayana tradition, invocation of buddhas and bodhisattvas.




    Origin of All Things
    THE CREATION STORY OF HINDUISM AND BUDDHISM, 1:06

    http://youtu.be/8sm07vbY1OA



    Nature of God

    How does the concept of God figures in Buddhism">How does the concept of God figure in Buddhism? 3:43

    Some people say Buddhism is an atheistic religion. Is it true? This clip attempts to discuss this topic on the concept of God in Buddhism. Ven. Dr. H. Gunaratana and Ven. Dr. K. Sri Dhammananda gives concise but accurate explanation into this contentious issue. This video production attempts to discuss various questions that Buddhists and non-Buddhists ask about the Teachings of the Enlightened One and how to practise these teachings in the modern world. Although Buddhism is the religion of nearly one fifth of the world's population, there are many misunderstandings about its Doctrine and Practice. The most Venerable Dr. K. Sri Dhammananda Nayaka Maha Thera together with Ven. Dr, H. Gunaratana, Ven. K. Wimalajothi and Ven. Wimala answered various questions put to them by a panel of well-known Buddhist leaders.


    http://youtu.be/_Iu4OLl82kQ



    View of Human Nature

    Nepal: Buddhism, Humanity and God -- English trailer, 2:21

    This documentary depicts the complex relationship among Buddhism, human beings and God. It is produced by faculty members and students in the Department of Media and Communication, City University of Hong Kong.

    What does man and God seek?

    http://youtu.be/JAg0uUsW9io




    View of Good and Evil

    Buddhism and the difference between good and evil, 6:55

    I follow a kind of Buddhism called "Pure Land", in Japanese 浄土真宗, and we say that everybody is looking for Happiness, nobody wants to suffer. The question is: what is happiness? Where does suffering come from? What should we do to achieve Happiness? What should we not do to avoid suffering?
    There is a clear distinction between happiness and suffering, between good and evil, they are not the same thing.

    According to Pure Land Buddhism, the very first thing Buddha Siddharta said soon after achieving Enlightenment was 人生は苦なり, "Life is suffering", all people in this world are suffering.

    There are 8 kinds of suffering, called 四苦八苦
    生苦 suffering of living
    病苦 suffering of disease
    老苦 suffering of getting old
    死苦 suffering of dying
    愛別離苦 suffering of losing loved ones
    怨憎会苦 suffering of meeting unpleasant ones
    求不得苦 suffering of not obtaining things
    五陰盛苦 suffering of having a physical body

    What should we do to achieve Happiness and avoid suffering?
    According to Buddhism we must follow the Principle of Cause and Effect.
    The Principle of Cause and Effect says 善因善果, 善因 meaning good cause, 善果 meaning good results. If we do good actions we will receive good results. If we do good actions we will receive Happiness. It also says 悪因悪果, 悪因 meaning bad cause, 悪果 meaning bad results. If we do evil actions we will receive evil results. If we do evil actions we will receive suffering.

    What is a good action and what is an evil action?
    A good action is unselfish. Its purpose is to make other people happy, to bring Happiness to other people, to give Happiness to other people.
    In Japanese this is called 自利利他(jiririta).
    An evil action is selfish. Its purpose is to make oneself happy. In Japanese it is called 我利我利亡者(garigari moja).

    That is also the difference between Buddhas and humans.

    Buddhas, like anyone else, also want Happiness, they don't want to suffer.

    According to the Principle of Cause and Effect ,the only way to receive Happiness, is by giving Happiness. If you give Happiness you will receive Happiness. If you give suffering, you will receive suffering, you receive what you give, that is what the Principle of Cause and Effect says.

    Buddhas are completely unselfish because they know and follow the Principle of Cause and Effect.

    Buddhas will do anything to make other people happy, even sacrificing their own lives. They are not afraid of dying, they are not afraid of anything. Buddhas are completely fearless. The fear of death is the worst of all sufferings, and by overcoming the worst of all sufferings, Buddhas have overcome all kinds of sufferings. By overcoming death, Buddhas have become immortal, never to experience the suffering of death again.

    Human beings, on the other hand, are selfish, they think only about themselves, they want things for themselves, they want money, they want fortune, they want family, and they will do anything to "defend" their money, their fortune, their family, their lives.

    Human beings are afraid of dying, they will do anything to "defend" their own lives, they will even kill other people .

    Because human beings are afraid of death, they are afraid of anything, they live in constant fear. Everything human beings do is to try to avoid death. Human beings pursue money because they are afraid of dying. But all the money in the world cannot stop death, humans don't become immortal just by having money.
    The world after death is decided by our own actions.

    Selfish people will go to a selfish world. Unselfish people will go to an unselfish world. The future is the continuation of the present. The future is the result of the present.

    If you are selfish, after death, you will go to a world of people just like you, selfish, coward, suspicious, afraid of dying, ready to do to anything to "defend" their own lives, even kill other people. This world in Buddhism is called 地獄 (jigoku), translated as hell.

    If you are unselfish, after death, you will go to a world of people just like you, unselfish, courageous, fearless, people who think about you, who care about you, who will do anything to make you happy, even sacrificing their own lives. This world in Buddhism is called 極楽(gokuraku), the buddhist paradise.

    The very first step in Buddhism is to follow the Principle of Cause and Effect and do 廃悪修善(haiaku shuzen), to stop doing evil deeds, and do good deeds.

    http://youtu.be/qKmB_8r5dys



    View of "Salvation"

    Buddhist Path to Salvation.wmv, 4:42

    http://youtu.be/qltNTIWGU9I



    View of After Life

    Concept of Heaven and Hell in Buddhism, 4:07

    This Q&A is part of a presentation held in 1997 at the Buddhist Missionary Society, KL.

    Although Buddhism is the religion of nearly one fifth of the world's population, there are many misunderstandings about its Doctrine and Practice. The most Venerable Dr. K. Sri Dhammananda Nayaka Maha Thera together with Ven. Dr, H. Gunaratana, Ven. K. Wimalajothi and Ven. Wimala answered various questions put to them by a panel of well-known Buddhist leaders.

    What is the concept of Heaven and Hell in Buddhism? Answers are provided here by Ven. Dr. K. Sri Dhammananda together with Ven. Dr. H. Gunaratana.

    http://youtu.be/LFJVYL-me_c



    Practices and Rituals

    Buddhism Today-Types of Buddhist rituals in Thailand, 4:12

    http://youtu.be/-SwC9mZnF0s
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    Vajrayana 1:03

    http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/religion/MRK/videos/myreligionkit/Vajrayana_MyLab.html

    Celebrations and Festivals

    REFERENCES

    Buddhism and the Modern World
    Buddhist Monk - self immolation, 5:18
    http://youtu.be/E37cMtCrKoA
    June 11, 1963, Thich Quang Duc, a Buddhist monk from Vietnam, burned himself to death at a busy intersection in downtown Saigon to bring attention to the repressive policies of the Diem regime that controlled the South Vietnamese government at the time. Buddhist monks asked the regime to lift its ban on flying the traditional Buddhist flag, to grant Buddhism the same rights as Catholicism, to stop detaining Buddhists and to give Buddhist monks and nuns the right to practice and spread their religion.
    As he burned he never moved a muscle, never uttered a sound.



    Tibetan Buddhist Monks - Relaxing Music, 44:13
    http://youtu.be/M507436kl4Q



    Carry On My Wayward Son Kansas Lyrics, 5:28
    • This was written by Kansas guitarist Kerry Livgren. According to Livgren, the song was not written to express anything specifically religious, though it certainly expresses spiritual searching and other ideas.

      Livgren became an evangelical Christian in 1980, and has said that his songwriting to that point was all about "searching." Regarding this song, he explained: "I felt a profound urge to 'Carry On' and continue the search. I saw myself as the 'Wayward Son,' alienated from the ultimate reality, and yet striving to know it or him. The positive note at the end ('Surely heaven waits for you') seemed strange and premature, but I felt impelled to include it in the lyrics. It proved to be prophetic."
    • This song can be seen as the continuation of the last song of Kansas' previous album Masque. As stated in the last verse of "The Pinnacle":
      "I stood where no man goes/Above the din I rose
      Life is amusing though we are losing
      Drowned in tears of awe..."

      By definition in the Cambridge dictionary, "Din" is a loud unpleasant confused noise which lasts for a long time. The first line of "Carry On Wayward Son" is: "Once I rose above the noise and confusion." (thanks, Rich - Trenton, NJ)
    • This was the group's first major hit, and like their next one, "Dust In The Wind," it was a last minute addition to the album. Kerry Livgren wrote the song just two days before they started recording Leftoverture. At that point, the band was polishing the songs they had, not bringing in new ones. "I've got one more song that you might want to hear," he told the band, and when he played "Carry On," they knew it was a hit and made it the lead track on the album.
    • The a cappella vocals in the beginning of this song gave it a very distinctive intro. This worked well on Rock radio stations where disc jockeys rarely talked over the music.
    • This song has appeared in several movies, including Heroes (1977), Happy Gilmore (1996) and Anchorman - The Legend of Ron Burgundy (2004).
    • The Oak Ridge Boys recorded this for the album When Pigs Fly: Songs You Never Thought You'd Hear. Cevin Soling, who put the compilation together, said: "The Oak Ridge Boys, I wanted them to do Nine Inch Nails' 'Closer,' and I had this wonderful arrangement worked out... this very 'Elvira' Country version of the Nine Inch Nails' 'Closer,' with all the doo-wops and poppa oom maus and everything. I could not wait to get them in the studio to work on that. I had alternate lyrics, you know, but they were still uncomfortable with doing that. So that kind of went back and forth and somehow "Wayward Son" got thrown out there. I don't remember exactly who picked that one, but generally I'd give the artist a few choices and they sort of pick among them." (Check out our interview with Cevin Soling.)
    • This song is featured in the South Park episode "Guitar Queer-O." In the episode, Stan and Kyle become obsessed with the video game Guitar Hero and often play to "Carry On Wayward Son." The song is played throughout the episode. (thanks, Matthew - Hawthorne, NJ)
    http://youtu.be/o3T7-VbfYLU



    Steely Dan - Bodhisattva (With Lyrics), 5:18

    Steely Dan - Bodhisattva

    Bodhisattva
    Would you take me by the hand
    Bodhisattva
    Would you take me by the hand
    Can you show me
    The shine of your Japan
    The sparkle of your china
    Can you show me
    Bodhisattva
    Bodhisattva
    I'm gonna sell my house in town
    Bodhisattva
    I'm gonna sell my house in town
    And I'll be there
    To shine in your Japan
    To sparkle in your China
    Yes I'll be there
    Bodhisattva

    http://youtu.be/LGdyVnW86SY



    Buddhist Meditation Music for Positive Energy: Buddhist Thai Monks ... ▶ 2:01:28

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cDCS19EOsrA Dec 11, 2014 - Uploaded by NuMeditationMusic Buddhist Meditation Music for Positive Energy: Buddhist Thai Monks ... Buddhism is not a religion but a ...

    How a Prince Became the Buddha, 10:49

    https://youtu.be/bj7VMsfqCWc



    Buddhist Music
    https://youtu.be/ABy95341Dto